Thursday, August 16, 2012

First Aid for INJURED

First Aid for Wounds

Is the case of wounds or open cut in the skin layer, causing the flow of blood. The wound is a break in the tissues of the body, whether internally or externally.
Types of wounds: -
1. Traumatic wounds. 2. Injuries sustained. 3. Wounds window.
4. Wounds are final. 4. Wounds corroded. 6. Wounds and shame.

Types of wounds:

Open wound: a cut in the skin.

Closed the wound: a wounded internal tissue without cutting the skin.
Types of open wounds:
Scratches, cutting, tearing, holes, the wound in force, amputation, bites
Common causes of Open wounds:
The most common accidents that cause open wounds are motor vehicle accidents, falls and abuse and the number of sharp tools, machinery and weapons.
Signs and symptoms:
* Scratches are the outer layers of the skin to damage and scratches usually produces skin friction at the surface rough and bleeding is limited and there is the possibility of contamination and infection.

* Cutting occur when a laceration of the tissues of the body cut with a sharp object like knife or parties and metal tools or broken glass, and be swift and severe bleeding, and may cause damage to the pieces of deep muscles, tendons and nerves.
* Rip wounds Altmezkih a rupture is irregular or toothed or severe tissue thin, occurs this type of wound to the collision of a powerful force against the body, and the bleeding quickly and sharply, and the tissue damage in wounds Altmezkih worse than the laceration, and there is a great opportunity for contamination of the wound with increase the likelihood of infection later.
* Holes occur when penetrating wounds Althagbah an object of the layers of the skin as it leads to a hole in the tissue, and include objects causing wounds Althagbah of bullets and pointed objects such as pins, nails and wood particles.
* Wound be wasted: the wound resulting from injury or gunshot wounds (bullets), which wounded him slots, slot entry and exit hole the bullet, and a slot entry bullet smaller and edge moving to the interior, and exit hole the bullet larger and the edge going to the outside, and have external bleeding usually limited, and there is potential damage to internal tissues and organs which can lead to internal bleeding, and there are more likely to happen because the process of inflammation of the drainage through the external bleeding are limited.
* Amputation injuries occur when Alaptria tearing or separation of tissue from the body of the patient because of an external force, where there is bleeding fast and sharp and can be re-harvested and the challenge on the body by surgery. We must transfer the lump with the patient's body to the hospital, where the stump must be wrapped with sterile gauze and then placed in a plastic bag surrounded by chunks of ice

First Aid:
Clean wounds: from the inside out.
1 - Place the patient in a comfortable place.
2 - clean the affected area with sterile gauze and antiseptic (from inside to outside)
3 - Cover the affected area with gauze and bandage.
4 - send the injured to medical care.
* First aid for wounds open
I work to stop the bleeding immediately, and took the initiative dealing with the prevention of wound contamination and infection, and provided care to the injured when exposed to shock, and then ask for medical assistance.

First aid for bleeding
The need for immediate action
The patient may be exposed to the shock and loss of consciousness at the loss of the body to one liter of blood. And where there is a possibility that the occurrence of bleeding to death in a short period of time, so it requires that the initial expedient to hasten immediately to stop the bleeding and treatment of the patient for shock

Methods to stop bleeding
1. Direct pressure:
The process of direct pressure using the hand over the bandage placed directly on the wound is the best way to control the bleeding, since this method would prevent the loss of blood without impeding blood circulation in the affected area, but in cases of emergency, when the lack of bandages, it can be used bare hand or finger until a bandage.
Then clicking directly on the wound by putting the bandage on the palm of the hand placed directly over the wound area and the entire open for any surface area in the body, and often results in this method to stop the bleeding.
The dressing of thick cloth placed between the hand and the wound will control the bleeding through absorption and drink blood and help in the formation of thrombosis and not try to remove (shift) thrombosis after formed through the cloth, in the case of sweating blood through the bandage without clotting, do not attempt to remove Bandages, but you have to add another layer of thick cloth over the bandage original with further pressure by hand stronger, and for most parts of the body, can be placed strap pressure to install the bandage cloth over the open wound bleeding sharply, allowing space for paramedic initial liberalization of the hand from pressure on the wound except to the bond pressure and a full-time to deal with other emergencies, and to complete the development of bond pressure correctly, you need to develop and hold the center of Rabat or bar cloth directly over the bandage placed on the wound directly, then you need to keep on tightening the ligament on the dressing closely and install it in its original position over the wound connect directly with the parties to the ligament on the affected part and the holding of Rabat, where the node directly above the bandage

2. Lifting:
And were not sure of a fracture in the member, it is necessary for the wound open wound sharply to lift a patient, such as the hand or arm or neck or leg, this means that the injured part in a position higher than the level of the heart, it is through the process of raising the injured part is to take advantage from the force of gravity to help relieve the pressure of blood in the affected area and this in turn leads to delay and reduce the loss of blood outside of the wound. In any case always be necessary to continue and continue direct pressure on the dressing thick placed on the wound.

1. Pressure on the artery which supplies blood Wounded region:
- In case of non-stop bleeding from open wounds in the arm or leg with a direct pressure to do with the lifting of a patient and then have to do a method of pressure point on the artery which supplies the dotted infected blood.
- Apply the method of pressure point are temporary and that a pressure on the main artery (which supplies the affected area with blood) compared to the bone, which is located directly beneath the artery, note that this method would also stop the circulation in a patient if make sure you that the method of pressure point necessary, so do not try to replace its use rather than a method of direct pressure or lifting, but you can use the method of pressure point in addition to these methods as a general rule, do not use the pressure point method with the method of direct pressure and increase for longer than necessary. Be prepared to re-use method of pressure point if the recurrence of bleeding.
- Click on the brachial artery to control severe bleeding from an open wound in the arm.
- Click on the femoral artery to control severe bleeding from an open wound in the leg.

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